Podcast

Drs. Imran Niazi and Kelly Holt

Drs. Imran Niazi and Kelly Holt discuss with me their research on chiropractic, falls risk, and neuroplasticity in various populations. Imran Khan Niazi received his B.Sc. degree in Electrical engineering (specialisation: Biomedical Engineering) from the Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan, in 2005, and his  Masters in biomedical engineering from University & FH Luebeck, Luebeck, Germany in 2009. Later he got his PhD under the supervision of Prof. Dario Farina from Center of sensory-motor interaction, Health Science Technology Department, University of Aalborg, Aalborg, Denmark in 2012. After working as a postdoc for a year, he moved to New Zealand in 2013, where he is currently working as Senior Research Fellow at New Zealand College of Chiropractic. He has an adjunct position in Aalborg University, Denmark and Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand.

Dr. Niazi is interested in studying and understanding the altered mechanism of motor control and learning in neurological disorder to develop various technologies that can enhance the QOL of these patients. He has successfully co-supervised 4 PhD and 31 master thesis and currently has 4 active PhD students. He has authored 46 peer-reviewed journal papers and 82 conference papers (proceedings and extended abstracts including). His work has been cited more than 1100 times, and have an h-index of 16 according to google scholar. Over the last ten year, he has received funding worth around US $ 1.5 million from various sources. He is currently working as a review editor for Frontiers in Robotics and AI (Biomedical Robotics) and reviewer for more than 25 engineering/neuroscience journals.

Dr. Kelly Holt was a member of the 1998 inaugural graduating class of the New Zealand College of Chiropractic. Besides his chiropractic degree he also holds a Bachelor of Science majoring in physiology and a PhD in Health Science from the University of Auckland. His PhD focused on the effects of chiropractic care on sensorimotor function and falls risk in older adults. He has published work in a number of peer reviewed journals that investigated the effects of chiropractic care on nervous system function and the reliability of vertebral subluxation indicators and has won a number of international research awards. Kelly worked in private practice as a chiropractor for 10 years following graduation and has taught at the New Zealand College of Chiropractic since 2000 and is currently the Dean of Research at the College.   Kelly was named ‘Chiropractor of the Year’ by the New Zealand College of Chiropractic Alumni Association in 2012 and by the New Zealand Chiropractors’ Association in 2014.

View Dr. Imran Niazi’s research at researchgate.net and Dr. Kelly Holt’s research at researchgate.net.

In addition to Drs. Imran Niazi and Kelly Holt, you might also be interested in listening to the previous episode with Dr. Heidi Haavik, also from New Zealand College of Chiropractic discussing “brain adjustments”.

Below are the studies that we discuss in this interview.

1. The effects of a single session of chiropractic care on strength, cortical drive, and spinal excitability in stroke patients.
  Holt K, Niazi IK, Nedergaard RW, Duehr J, Amjad I, Shafique M, Anwar MN, Ndetan H, Turker KS, Haavik H.
  Sci Rep. 2019 Feb 25;9(1):2673. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-39577-5.
  PMID: 30804399 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
  Similar articles
2. The effects of a single session of spinal manipulation on strength and cortical drive in athletes.
  Christiansen TL, Niazi IK, Holt K, Nedergaard RW, Duehr J, Allen K, Marshall P, Türker KS, Hartvigsen J, Haavik H.
  Eur J Appl Physiol. 2018 Apr;118(4):737-749. doi: 10.1007/s00421-018-3799-x. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
  PMID: 29327170 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
  Similar articles
3. Effectiveness of Chiropractic Care to Improve Sensorimotor Function Associated With Falls Risk in Older People: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
  Holt KR, Haavik H, Lee AC, Murphy B, Elley CR.
  J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2016 May;39(4):267-78. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.02.003. Epub 2016 Apr 2.
  PMID: 27050038 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
  Similar articles
4. Changes in H-reflex and V-waves following spinal manipulation.
  Niazi IK, Türker KS, Flavel S, Kinget M, Duehr J, Haavik H.
  Exp Brain Res. 2015 Apr;233(4):1165-73. doi: 10.1007/s00221-014-4193-5. Epub 2015 Jan 13.
  PMID: 25579661 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
  Similar articles
Drs. Cindy Peterson and Kim Humphreys

Drs. Cindy Peterson and Kim Humphreys join me to talk about cervical and lumbar disc herniation comparative effectiveness studies involving spinal manipulation compared to nerve root injections. We also discuss spinal manipulation for neck pain with and without dizziness as well as for chronic low back pain.

Cynthia Peterson, RN, DC, DACBR, M.Med.Ed. has worked as a chiropractic radiologist, researcher and educator in 4 countries.  She retired from her positions as Professor and researcher, Radiology Department, Orthopaedic University hospital Balgrist and Professor, Chiropractic Medicine Programme, University of Zürich in 2017. Dr. Peterson has published numerous research studies in many journals including ‘Spine’, European Spine Journal, ‘American Journal of Roentgenology’, ‘JMPT’ and ‘Skeletal Radiology’.  She is currently a Visiting Professor for the Chiropractic Department in the Faculty of Health at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa and is the Quality Assurance Consultant for the European Council on Chiropractic Education.

Barry Kim Humphreys, BSc, DC, PhD, is Professor Emeritus, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zurich. He retired in July 2017, after 9 years as the first Professor for Chiropractic Medicine in Switzerland. During this time, Professor Humphreys was responsible for the development and accreditations of the chiropractic education program, research portfolio and teaching clinic within the university, medical faculty and teaching hospital. Professor Humphreys is a graduate of the University of British Columbia (BSc), Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (DC), and the University of Southampton, UK (PhD). He has been Academic Dean, Anglo-European College of Chiropractic, Dean of Graduate Education and Research, CMCC and Professor, Chiropractic Medicine, University of Zurich. He has been active in research including chiropractic clinical outcome studies for back and neck pain, functional MRI studies of chronic pain patients and back pain in various gravitational environments (parabolic flight).

Please view Drs. Cindy Peterson and Kim Humphreys research at researchgate.net (Peterson) as well as at researchgate.net (Humphreys).

View all of the podcast episodes at chiropracticscience.com

Here are the articles we discuss in this episode:

1. Symptomatic, Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Confirmed Cervical Disk Herniation Patients: A Comparative-Effectiveness Prospective Observational Study of 2 Age- and Sex-Matched Cohorts Treated With Either Imaging-Guided Indirect Cervical Nerve Root Injections or Spinal Manipulative Therapy.
  Peterson CK, Pfirrmann CW, Hodler J, Leemann S, Schmid C, Anklin B, Humphreys BK.
  J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2016 Mar-Apr;39(3):210-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.02.004. Epub 2016 Mar 31.
  PMID: 27040033 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
  Similar articles
2. Symptomatic magnetic resonance imaging-confirmed lumbar disk herniation patients: a comparative effectiveness prospective observational study of 2 age- and sex-matched cohorts treated with either high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulative therapy or imaging-guided lumbar nerve root injections.
  Peterson CK, Leemann S, Lechmann M, Pfirrmann CW, Hodler J, Humphreys BK.
  J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2013 May;36(4):218-25. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2013.04.005. Epub 2013 May 22.
  PMID: 23706678 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
  Similar articles
3. Comparison of outcomes in neck pain patients with and without dizziness undergoing chiropractic treatment: a prospective cohort study with 6 month follow-up.
  Humphreys BK, Peterson C.
  Chiropr Man Therap. 2013 Jan 7;21(1):3. doi: 10.1186/2045-709X-21-3.
  PMID: 23295018 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
  Similar articles
4. An observational study on trajectories and outcomes of chronic low back pain patients referred from a spine surgery division for chiropractic treatment.
  Wirth B, Riner F, Peterson C, Humphreys BK, Farshad M, Becker S, Schweinhardt P.
  Chiropr Man Therap. 2019 Feb 5;27:6. doi: 10.1186/s12998-018-0225-8. eCollection 2019.
  PMID: 30766664 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
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In this episode, Dr. Jeff Hebert discusses back pain in young people, the link between back pain, health behavior and cardiovascular disease & sport participation as a health intervention. Jeff Hebert, DC, PhD is a Professor and the CCRF/NBHRF Chair of Musculoskeletal Health Research at the University of New Brunswick, as well as an Adjunct Professor at Murdoch University in Australia. Jeff’s career to date includes 18 years of experience in faculty, clinical, and administrative positions in Canada, the United States, and Australia.  Most recently, he was the Associate Dean (Research) in Murdoch University’s School of Psychology and Exercise Science. Previous appointments include positions as a Senior Lecturer of Rehabilitation Science (Murdoch University) and Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery (University of Utah). He has earned a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology (University of Denver) as well as a Doctorate in Chiropractic (Palmer College) and PhD in Exercise Science (University of Utah). He serves as an Associate Editor for the journal Chiropractic & Manual Therapies. Before pursuing an academic career, Jeff worked as an outpatient and hospital-based clinician in multidisciplinary environments including as pain medicine, sports medicine, and spine surgery.

View Dr. Hebert’s research publications at researchgate.net.

Here are the articles that we discussed in this episode of the chiropractic science podcast.

1. Pubertal development and growth are prospectively associated with spinal pain in young people (CHAMPS study-DK).
  Hebert JJ, Leboeuf-Yde C, Franz C, Lardon A, Hestbæk L, Manson N, Wedderkopp N.
  Eur Spine J. 2019 Feb 11. doi: 10.1007/s00586-019-05905-6. [Epub ahead of print]
  PMID: 30740638 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
  Similar articles
2. The relationship of lumbar multifidus muscle morphology to previous, current, and future low back pain: a 9-year population-based prospective cohort study.
  Hebert JJ, Kjaer P, Fritz JM, Walker BF.
  Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Aug 1;39(17):1417-25. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000424.
  PMID: 24859576 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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3. Physical activity is prospectively associated with spinal pain in children (CHAMPS Study-DK).
  Franz C, Møller NC, Korsholm L, Jespersen E, Hebert JJ, Wedderkopp N.
  Sci Rep. 2017 Sep 14;7(1):11598. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-11762-4.
  PMID: 28912463 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
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4. The Prospective Association of Organized Sports Participation With Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Children (the CHAMPS Study-DK).
  Hebert JJ, Klakk H, Møller NC, Grøntved A, Andersen LB, Wedderkopp N.
  Mayo Clin Proc. 2017 Jan;92(1):57-65. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2016.08.013. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
  PMID: 27865444 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
  Similar articles

Dr. Rubinstein and I discuss his latest paper that will appear soon in the British Medical Journal regarding his systematic review of spinal manipulative therapy and chronic low back pain. Sidney Rubinstein is an associate professor at the VU University, Amsterdam and adjunct research professor at Southern California University of Health Sciences (SCUHS). He is also a registered epidemiologist in the Netherlands. He has more than 60 publications in international peer-reviewed journals, including three systematic reviews in the Cochrane Library.

His research focuses on effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions in musculoskeletal disorders. His broader goals are to lessen the burden of neck and low-back pain to society by providing high-quality scientific evidence. The projects that he currently supervises are strongly embedded in clinical practice, including the PTED trial, Warrior Trial, an IPD (individual patient data) meta-analysis on spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low-back pain and a large, international observational study in chiropractic care in the elderly (BACE-C cohort study).

One of his passions lies in systematic reviews and meta-analysis as these types of overviews represent a crucial link in the practice of evidence-based health care. He is actively involved in conducting and supervising these reviews, including a position on the Associate Editorial Board of the Cochrane Back and Neck Review Group.  His reviews are quite diverse. One of the more recent Cochrane reviews focused on complications of trocar types for laparoscopic surgery, while another has examined the effectiveness of exercise for acute low back pain. An update of the Cochrane review on the effect of spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low-back has been accepted by the BMJ and should be published soon.

Dr. Rubinstein currently supervises 5 PhD students as well as MSc students, and teaches methodology of systematic reviews and meta-analyses at various levels, including BSc, MSc and PhD students. One chiropractor has received his PhD under Sidney’s supervision, while others are completing theirs.

Here is a link to Dr. Rubinstein’s research at researchgate.net.

Here is a link to Dr. Rubinstein’s page at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

The article we discuss in this episode is available now at https://www.bmj.com/content/364/bmj.l689

Benefits and harms of spinal manipulative therapy for the treatment of chronic low back pain: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

BMJ 2019; 364 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l689 (Published 13 March 2019) Cite this as: BMJ 2019;364:l689

In this interview, Dr. Outerbridge and I discuss his World Spine Care and the Global Spine Care Initiative. Geoff Outerbridge received a B.Sc. in Human Kinetics and a M.Sc. in neuroscience from the University of Guelph. He began his career working for the University of Waterloo with the Ontario Universities Back Pain Study, a research study examining the causes of back pain in industry. In 1996 he started an ergonomics consulting company to offer his knowledge and experience to clients in a wide range of environments including mining, assembly line and office. In addition to ergonomics consulting and running a personal training business, he attended the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College from which he graduated in 2001. From 2001, to 2011, Geoff owned a successful multidisciplinary health clinic in Ottawa that integrated chiropractic, massage therapy, acupuncture, naturopathy, rehabilitation, and family medicine. He sold his practice in 2011 to join World Spine Care (www.worldspinecare.org), an international non-profit organization bringing sustainable, inter-professional, evidence-based spine care to underserved regions around the world.  He moved his family to Botswana to establish WSC’s flagship clinics in Botswana, returned from Botswana in 2013 and has remained with WSC as the clinical director.  Geoff has established and continues to supervise WSC clinics in Botswana, the Dominican Republic, Ghana, and India, and develops new projects in other countries.  He continues part time in clinical practice at Integrate Healthcare Collective in Ottawa (www.integrateottawa.ca).

See Dr. Outerbridge’s research articles at researchgate.net

Below are some of the articles we discuss in this podcast interview:

1. The Global Spine Care Initiative: care pathway for people with spine-related concerns.
  Haldeman S, Johnson CD, Chou R, Nordin M, Côté P, Hurwitz EL, Green BN, Cedraschi C, Acaroğlu E, Kopansky-Giles D, Ameis A, Adjei-Kwayisi A, Ayhan S, Blyth F, Borenstein D, Brady O, Brooks P, Camilleri C, Castellote JM, Clay MB, Davatchi F, Dunn R, Goertz C, Griffith EA, Hondras M, Kane EJ, Lemeunier N, Mayer J, Mmopelwa T, Modic M, Moss J, Mullerpatan R, Muteti E, Mwaniki L, Ngandeu-Singwe M, Outerbridge G, Randhawa K, Shearer H, Sönmez E, Torres C, Torres P, Verville L, Vlok A, Watters W 3rd, Wong CC, Yu H.
  Eur Spine J. 2018 Sep;27(Suppl 6):901-914. doi: 10.1007/s00586-018-5721-y. Epub 2018 Aug 27.
  PMID: 30151811 [PubMed – in process]
  Similar articles
2. The Global Spine Care Initiative: World Spine Care executive summary on reducing spine-related disability in low- and middle-income communities.
  Haldeman S, Nordin M, Chou R, Côté P, Hurwitz EL, Johnson CD, Randhawa K, Green BN, Kopansky-Giles D, Acaroğlu E, Ameis A, Cedraschi C, Aartun E, Adjei-Kwayisi A, Ayhan S, Aziz A, Bas T, Blyth F, Borenstein D, Brady O, Brooks P, Camilleri C, Castellote JM, Clay MB, Davatchi F, Dudler J, Dunn R, Eberspaecher S, Emmerich J, Farcy JP, Fisher-Jeffes N, Goertz C, Grevitt M, Griffith EA, Hajjaj-Hassouni N, Hartvigsen J, Hondras M, Kane EJ, Laplante J, Lemeunier N, Mayer J, Mior S, Mmopelwa T, Modic M, Moss J, Mullerpatan R, Muteti E, Mwaniki L, Ngandeu-Singwe M, Outerbridge G, Rajasekaran S, Shearer H, Smuck M, Sönmez E, Tavares P, Taylor-Vaisey A, Torres C, Torres P, van der Horst A, Verville L, Vialle E, Kumar GV, Vlok A, Watters W 3rd, Wong CC, Wong JJ, Yu H, Yüksel S.
  Eur Spine J. 2018 Sep;27(Suppl 6):776-785. doi: 10.1007/s00586-018-5722-x. Epub 2018 Aug 27.
  PMID: 30151809 [PubMed – in process]
  Similar articles
3. World Spine Care: providing sustainable, integrated, evidence-based spine care in underserved communities around the world.
  Outerbridge G, Eberspaecher S, Haldeman S.
  J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2017 Dec;61(3):196-206. No abstract available.
  PMID: 29430048 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
  Similar articles
4. The Global Spine Care Initiative: model of care and implementation.
  Johnson CD, Haldeman S, Chou R, Nordin M, Green BN, Côté P, Hurwitz EL, Kopansky-Giles D, Acaroğlu E, Cedraschi C, Ameis A, Randhawa K, Aartun E, Adjei-Kwayisi A, Ayhan S, Aziz A, Bas T, Blyth F, Borenstein D, Brady O, Brooks P, Camilleri C, Castellote JM, Clay MB, Davatchi F, Dudler J, Dunn R, Eberspaecher S, Emmerich J, Farcy JP, Fisher-Jeffes N, Goertz C, Grevitt M, Griffith EA, Hajjaj-Hassouni N, Hartvigsen J, Hondras M, Kane EJ, Laplante J, Lemeunier N, Mayer J, Mior S, Mmopelwa T, Modic M, Moss J, Mullerpatan R, Muteti E, Mwaniki L, Ngandeu-Singwe M, Outerbridge G, Rajasekaran S, Shearer H, Smuck M, Sönmez E, Tavares P, Taylor-Vaisey A, Torres C, Torres P, van der Horst A, Verville L, Vialle E, Kumar GV, Vlok A, Watters W 3rd, Wong CC, Wong JJ, Yu H, Yüksel S.
  Eur Spine J. 2018 Sep;27(Suppl 6):925-945. doi: 10.1007/s00586-018-5720-z. Epub 2018 Aug 27.
  PMID: 30151805 [PubMed – in process]
  Similar articles

Listen as Dr. Cassidy and I discuss his career in chiropractic, research, and hear his thoughts on a variety of important issues including the powerful role of psychosocial factors on health.  Dr. Cassidy is a Professor of Epidemiology and Health Policy at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto. He is also an Adjunct Globalization Professor at the Faculty of Health at the University of Southern Denmark. He began his career as a chiropractor (CMCC 1975) and later obtained graduate degrees in Surgery (MSc University of Saskatchewan), Pathology (PhD University of Saskatchewan) and Injury Epidemiology (DrMedSc Karolinska Institute, Sweden). His past appointments include Assistant Professor of Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine at the University of Saskatchewan (1994-1999), Associate Professor of Public Health and Medicine at the University of Alberta (2000-2003), Senior Scientist at the Toronto Western Hospital Research Institute (2003-2017) and Professor of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics at the University of Southern Denmark (2011-2016).

His research focus is injury epidemiology, neurotrauma, musculoskeletal disorders and evidence-based health care and policy. He has published over 300 research papers and chapters in textbooks over his career, including papers in the New England Journal of Medicine, the British Medical Journal, Annals of Internal Medicine, JAMA Psychiatry and the Archives of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine to name a few. He is particularly interested in the psychosocial determinants of injury recovery and long-term consequences of injury.

View Dr. Cassidy’s research at researchgate.net.

We talked about a lot of research articles, too many to list in the show notes.  You can see a listing of Dr. Cassidy’s research at pubmed.com.

In this episode, Dr. Anthony Lisi and I discuss the state of chiropractic practice and research in the US Veterans Health Administration. Dr. Anthony Lisi is the Chiropractic Program Director for the US Veterans Health Administration, overseeing all national programmatic issues related to the integration of chiropractic clinical services, education and research. He is also an Associate Research Scientist at the Yale Center for Medical Informatics, Yale University School of Medicine.

He has authored numerous peer-reviewed publications on topics including low back pain management, spinal manipulation, interprofessional education, and chiropractic services. Dr. Lisi received the American Chiropractic Associations’ 2015 Academician of the Year award, and the 2017 Chiropractor of the Year award.

See Dr. Lisi’s research profile at researchgate.net.

 

 

Below are the articles we discuss in this episode:

1. Opioid Use Among Veterans of Recent Wars Receiving Veterans Affairs Chiropractic Care.
Lisi AJ, Corcoran KL, DeRycke EC, Bastian LA, Becker WC, Edmond SN, Goertz CM, Goulet JL, Haskell SG, Higgins DM, Kawecki T, Kerns RD, Mattocks K, Ramsey C, Ruser CB, Brandt CA.
Pain Med. 2018 Sep 1;19(suppl_1):S54-S60. doi: 10.1093/pm/pny114.
PMID: 30203014 [PubMed – in process]
Similar articles
2. Trends in the Use and Characteristics of Chiropractic Services in the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Lisi AJ, Brandt CA.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2016 Jun;39(5):381-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.04.005.
PMID: 27288324 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Similar articles
3. Chiropractic Integration into Private Sector Medical Facilities: A Multisite Qualitative Case Study.
Lisi AJ, Salsbury SA, Twist EJ, Goertz CM.
J Altern Complement Med. 2018 Aug;24(8):792-800. doi: 10.1089/acm.2018.0218. Epub 2018 Jul 17.
PMID: 30016118 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Similar articles
4. Variations in the implementation and characteristics of chiropractic services in VA.
Lisi AJ, Khorsan R, Smith MM, Mittman BS.
Med Care. 2014 Dec;52(12 Suppl 5):S97-104. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000235.
PMID: 25397831 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Similar articles
5. Use of Department of Veterans Affairs administrative data to identify veterans with acute low back pain: a pilot study.
Lisi AJ, Burgo-Black AL, Kawecki T, Brandt CA, Goulet JL.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Jun 15;39(14):1151-6. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000350.
PMID: 24732845 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Similar articles

Dr. James Whedon

In this episode, Dr. James Whedon and I discuss his research on chiropractic, opioids, adverse events, risk of injury, medicare, and much more.  For instance, his research found the likelihood of filling a prescription for an opioid analgesic was significantly lower for recipients of services delivered by doctors of chiropractic compared with nonrecipients.  Dr. Jim Whedon is Director of Health Services Research at Southern California University of Health Sciences and adjunct instructor at The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice. He holds a DC degree from Logan College and an MS from Dartmouth College. He has authored 33 peer reviewed publications. He is advisor to the Project for Integrative Health and the Triple Aim, co-chair of the research working group of The Academic Consortium for Integrative Health, charter member of the Academy of Integrative Health & Medicine, and recipient of the Jerome F. McAndrews DC Memorial Research Fund Award from NCMIC Foundation.

Dr. Jim Whedon is a national award-winning, NIH-funded clinical and health services investigator with interests in trauma, integrative medicine, spinal disorders and Medicare health policy. Experience in clinical database development and medical editing. IRB and editorial advisory board member. Licensed chiropractic physician with 25 years clinical experience. Faculty appointment with Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth.

Much of his research has focused upon geographic variations in access to chiropractic services under Medicare. He conducts observational research using claims and registry data.

Dr. Whedon’s long-term research goals are to improve access to health services that people need and want, and to improve quality through systematic care of acute problems and conservative upstream care of chronic problems. He has a particular interest in helping to improve access to care for vulnerable populations.

He is also a member of the Advisory Team, Project for Integrative Health and the Triple Aim, and of the Research Working Group, Academic Consortium for Complementary and Alternative Health Care (ACCAHC).

See Dr. Whedon’s list of publications on researchgate.net.

How to cite this episode:
Smith DL. Chiropractic Science: Chiropractic, Opioids, Adverse Drug Events, and Medicare with Dr. James Whedon [internet]. Eaton, Ohio; Aug 23, 2018. Podcast: 1:05:21. Available from: https://chiropracticscience.com/podcast/drjameswhedon/

Below is a list of the articles Dr. Whedon discusses in this episode:

1. Association Between Utilization of Chiropractic Services for Treatment of Low Back Pain and Risk of Adverse Drug Events.
Whedon JM, Toler AWJ, Goehl JM, Kazal LA.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2018 Jun;41(5):383-388. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2018.01.004. Epub 2018 May 26.
PMID: 29843912 [PubMed – in process]
Similar articles
2. Association Between Utilization of Chiropractic Services for Treatment of Low-Back Pain and Use of Prescription Opioids.
Whedon JM, Toler AWJ, Goehl JM, Kazal LA.
J Altern Complement Med. 2018 Jun;24(6):552-556. doi: 10.1089/acm.2017.0131. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
PMID: 29470104 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Similar articles
3. Relevance of Quality Measurement to Integrative Healthcare in the United States.
Whedon JM, Punzo M, Dehen R, Menard MB, Fogel D, Olejownik J.
J Altern Complement Med. 2016 Nov;22(11):853-858. Epub 2016 Sep 23.
PMID: 27660896 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Similar articles
4. The Association Between Use of Chiropractic Care and Costs of Care Among Older Medicare Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain and Multiple Comorbidities.
Weeks WB, Leininger B, Whedon JM, Lurie JD, Tosteson TD, Swenson R, O’Malley AJ, Goertz CM.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2016 Feb;39(2):63-75.e1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2016.01.006. Epub 2016 Feb 19.
PMID: 26907615 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
Similar articles
5. Risk of traumatic injury associated with chiropractic spinal manipulation in Medicare Part B beneficiaries aged 66 to 99 years.
Whedon JM, Mackenzie TA, Phillips RB, Lurie JD.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Feb 15;40(4):264-70. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000725.
PMID: 25494315 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
Similar articles
6. Risk of stroke after chiropractic spinal manipulation in medicare B beneficiaries aged 66 to 99 years with neck pain.
Whedon JM, Song Y, Mackenzie TA, Phillips RB, Lukovits TG, Lurie JD.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2015 Feb;38(2):93-101. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2014.12.001. Epub 2015 Jan 14.
PMID: 25596875 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
Similar articles
7. Comparing Propensity Score Methods for Creating Comparable Cohorts of Chiropractic Users and Nonusers in Older, Multiply Comorbid Medicare Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain.
Weeks WB, Tosteson TD, Whedon JM, Leininger B, Lurie JD, Swenson R, Goertz CM, O’Malley AJ.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2015 Nov-Dec;38(9):620-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2015.10.005. Epub 2015 Nov 5.
PMID: 26547763 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
Similar articles

 

Dr. Robert Vining

In this episode, Dr. Robert Vining and I discuss his involvement in chiropractic research at a specialty hospital in New Hampshire, low back pain classification and strategies on how to implement evidence into practice. Dr. Vining is an Associate Professor and Research Clinic Director at the Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Palmer College of Chiropractic. Beginning in private practice in Pennsylvania, he eventually transitioned to the role of clinician/educator, teaching courses in clinical biomechanics at Cleveland Chiropractic College (now Cleveland University), and serving as a teaching clinic director at Logan College of Chiropractic. More recently, Dr. Robert Vining has taken on the role of clinician/scientist, serving as a co-investigator on 11 federally funded clinical studies including those conducted within Veterans Affairs and the US Department of Defense health systems. He was also co-principal investigator on a series of privately funded research projects focused on integrating chiropractic care into a rehabilitation specialty hospital. Dr. Vining is a lead or co-author on over 30 peer reviewed scientific journal articles, 2 book chapters, and numerous other publications related to chiropractic care, musculoskeletal diagnosis, and translating research evidence into clinical practice.

You can view Dr. Vining’s research articles at researchgate.

How to cite this episode:
Smith DL. Chiropractic Science: Interdisciplinary Care and Strategies to Incorporate Evidence Into Practice With Dr. Robert Vining [internet]. Eaton, Ohio; Aug 7, 2018. Podcast: 1:21:13. Available from: https://chiropracticscience.com/podcast/drrobertvining/

1. “Be good, communicate, and collaborate”: a qualitative analysis of stakeholder perspectives on adding a chiropractor to the multidisciplinary rehabilitation team.
Salsbury SA, Vining RD, Gosselin D, Goertz CM.
Chiropr Man Therap. 2018 Jun 22;26:29. doi: 10.1186/s12998-018-0200-4. eCollection 2018.
PMID: 29977521 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
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2. Patients receiving chiropractic care in a neurorehabilitation hospital: a descriptive study.
Vining RD, Salsbury SA, Cooley WC, Gosselin D, Corber L, Goertz CM.
J Multidiscip Healthc. 2018 May 3;11:223-231. doi: 10.2147/JMDH.S159618. eCollection 2018.
PMID: 29760552 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
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3. Interdisciplinary rehabilitation for a patient with incomplete cervical spinal cord injury and multimorbidity: A case report.
Vining RD, Gosselin DM, Thurmond J, Case K, Bruch FR.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Aug;96(34):e7837. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000007837.
PMID: 28834891 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
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4. An evidence-based diagnostic classification system for low back pain.
Vining R, Potocki E, Seidman M, Morgenthal AP.
J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2013 Sep;57(3):189-204.
PMID: 23997245 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
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Join Dr. John Mayer and I as we discuss his extensive clinical and research experience in therapeutic exercise, wellness, chiropractic and first responders.  John M. Mayer, DC, PhD, CCRP, FACSM is the Lincoln Endowed Chair in Biomechanical & Chiropractic Research, Executive Director of the Center for Neuromusculoskeletal Research, and Professor of the School of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Sciences, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida. He is Director of Research and Innovation for U.S. Spine & Sport Foundation, Chief Scientific Officer of Excellcior LLC, and Co-Founder of Pillar of Health LLC

Dr. Mayer obtained a Doctor of Chiropractic (DC) degree from the National College of Chiropractic (currently known as National University of Health Sciences) and a PhD degree in Exercise Science/Science Education from Syracuse University. He is a licensed Chiropractic Physician in the state of Florida, a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine (FACSM), and a Certified Clinical Research Professional (CCRP) from the Society of Clinical Research Associates. He has extensive clinical and research experience in occupational health, wellness, and therapeutic exercise. Dr. Mayer has led teams on numerous clinical trials across the country on various aspects of wellness, clinical management, and prevention funded through federal, state, industry, and foundation sources, including the largest single financial commitment by the US Department of Homeland Security on low back injury prevention in firefighters. He serves on the Scientific Secretariat for the Global Spine Care Initiative and Clinical and the Scientific Advisory Board for World Spine Care. Dr. Mayer received the 2012 Safety Award from Tampa Fire Rescue, 2014 “Researcher of the Year” Award by the American Chiropractic Association, and 2015 “Outstanding Research Achievement Award” by USF.

View Dr. Mayer’s research publications on Research Gate.

Here is a listing of the articles we discussed today:

1. Effect of Lumbar Progressive Resistance Exercise on Lumbar Muscular Strength and Core Muscular Endurance in Soldiers.
Mayer JM, Childs JD, Neilson BD, Chen H, Koppenhaver SL, Quillen WS.
Mil Med. 2016 Nov;181(11):e1615-e1622.
PMID: 27849497 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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2. Impact of a supervised worksite exercise program on back and core muscular endurance in firefighters.
Mayer JM, Quillen WS, Verna JL, Chen R, Lunseth P, Dagenais S.
Am J Health Promot. 2015 Jan-Feb;29(3):165-72. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.130228-QUAN-89.
PMID: 24524384 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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3. Worksite back and core exercise in firefighters: Effect on development of lumbar multifidus muscle size.
Mayer JM, Nuzzo JL.
Work. 2015;50(4):621-7. doi: 10.3233/WOR-141831.
PMID: 24448017 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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4. Evidence-informed management of chronic low back pain with lumbar extensor strengthening exercises.
Mayer J, Mooney V, Dagenais S.
Spine J. 2008 Jan-Feb;8(1):96-113. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2007.09.008. Review.
PMID: 18164458 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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